The experience that we have multiplied by the skills.
If someone believes that the Ukrainian television engineers are out of the television industry, or are unable to implement the highest standards of their creative colleagues, he is profoundly mistaken. A great confirmation of the commissioning of a new TV set 1 + 1 media group.
Back in November 2011, a tender was announced for the best project followed by the construction of the future of the telecentre media group 1 +1. During the open protection of commercial offers, the company Comtel was elected chief system integrator in the process section of the television equipment, as well as named the winner of the tender for the supply of basic infrastructure equipment, server, hardware and equipment of two studio units telecentre. Note that no one of foreign company`s or representatives of foreign system integrator`s had no success in this project. It should also be noted that our, domestic suppliers, such as the 'Mac House' and 'Engineer Service' confirmed to be highly qualified in their products. Protection of proposals took place openly. The winner was determined in the most open and democratic way during live descussion between the systems integrators and the responses to the questions of the customer engineers. It was discussed in the maximum range of issues: from the functional differences of certain equipment in the future prospects of development of individual parts of the infrastructure. It should be noted the extraordinary level of customer involvement in the problems of the future project. The level of its engineers and the level of requirements proved to be extremely high. The terms of reference consisted of only 23 pages of technical text. One only technical text of the specification consists of 23 pages. Besides of the extremly high quality options, that are necessary to ensure, it was proposed to implement a set of architecture, which has not previously been used in Ukraine, lay the foundation for further development of the complex.
Data processing center (DPC)
The television complex consists of two functionally related blocks: block broadcasting and hardware-studio block. Both units have a common infrastructure as part of matrix switches, fiber optic transport systems, modules, active signal processing. For the first time in Ukraine television complex core was constructed according to the work requirements in 3G format. To realize such high quality parameters helped us experience gained during the preparation for EURO-2012, during which the Comtel company invited to participate in the reconstruction of the NSC "Olympic" and further technical support. Most of the equipment is concentrated in the central Data Center, but a huge amount of processing units located throughout the eight-story building. Switching of all signals within the building is provided by two routers EQX series with a maximum size 288x576. The choice was made in favor of routers manufactured by Evertz EQX series. Of course, 288x576 is not the biggest router from this manufacturer. Even in Ukraine routers have much bigger, but the complexity has been the requirement to implement cross-redundancy of two routers, as well as the use of hybrid architecture, which provides used embedder, de-embedder 16 mono tracks from / to each audio channel, as well as integrated multi-screen processors. By itself, each router has a double level of reservation main components, but have the opportunity to reserve a part of the functions of the router at the expense of another. This need arises from the need to provide a continuous broadcast of at least 10 television channels. In this architecture, engineering staff, in addition to extreme reliability level it has the ability to conduct ongoing maintenance work, extend or carry out a full migration of any components without the threat of stopping the air. One of the routers, which mainly provide the needs of current production, supports the embedder, de-embedder all audio tracks in any video signal. In addition, incorporates a part which routes the audio channels, as well as the processes up to 32 MADI interfaces. Due to the audio router is carried out on the distribution of sound production units telecentre programs. And this is the main and backup audio mixer in feach ASB, fiber optic transport system, intercom system. At first time, such a requirement seemed excessive. It would be easier to set up modular embedder, de-embedder. But counting the number of such equipment have found that this approach has no future. For example, as the main audio mixers are used mixers production "Studer" and "Lawo", where the number of incoming, outgoing and auxiliary channels measured by the number, much larger 100. In such conditions, the choice of router EQX series proved to be extremely successful. These routers support the work with sound channels introduced in 3G / HD / SD video signal.
Also extremely useful was the modular architecture of the router. Audio Router - is a fully independent part, which is connected with embedder, de-embedder external tires (TDM) signaling. The total size of the audio portion of the router was 4368 x 4368. The first operating experience has revealed the truth of the customer in this regard. The main audio mixers are used to 4 independent MADI stream. intercom system uses 2 MADI. For the needs of external fiber optic channels of MADI uses a variable number according to production needs, but also no less than 3. With such a large number of switching nodes should be separately noted the extraordinary power of routers management. MAGNUM software controller is used to control the system. MAGNUM provides full control of all the components of the complex, such as routers, multi-processors, transport fiber-optic modules, converters and UDCA manufacturing Evertz, and also equipment from other manufacturers. The control system consists of two - main and reserve - the LINUX servers, and, in fact, very complex software MAGNUM with optional modules. For servers connected to the local control panel, the type of which is selected according to the characteristics of each workplace. Leaders shifts when working with the system use their own profiles, which have up to 17 levels of management, but for local jobs with limited functions compiled simplified profiles, which make it impossible to false switching. MAGNUM also provides desktop management profiles up to 18 Multi-processor makes the multifunction panel to view and download the configuration to them. TALLY Controls the function assigned to the dynamic name sources and video signals to consumers.
The most responsible users of video routers are air control-room. For the stable, trouble-free operation of the unit in the scheme has been built extreme reliability router components, flexibility to use them. The maximum number of broadcast channels, which can be constructed without a significant expansion of routers - 10 channels. Air block consists of 5 air control-rooms. Each air control-room provides service of 2 channels. In order to unify for each channel is supposed to use the same type of equipment as part of broadcasting video mixer 3025-EMC, broadcasting audio processor 3025-AP, set a lot of screen processors 7867VIPX-16x2. Apply architecture 2N. All the 'basic equipment' is attached to the router №1, all the 'emergency equipment' is connected to the router №2. Accordingly, each of the routers forms the main or emergency program. 3025 EMC kit AR + provides all the functionality appropriate in classical air control: A / B mix, Upstream router control, 2x2D-DVE, 4hDSK, animated LOGO, Voice over, 16 channel Loudness control, etc. In a standard situation, channels managed by the automation system, but it is possible to manually control each channel. The extra equipment includes graphics, titling stations, control panels, video, audio, monitor equipment.
I would like to highlight the system of multi-screen processors. By themselves, they do not belong to the router, but in the routers include specific cross-points of these processors. Thus, EQX favorably competitive products in that it does not occupy the CPU multiscreen output slots, limiting the size of the router. In our case EQX 288x288 is still dial 288 separately outputs, which are used to control the video signal. The telecentre used 18 processors of two different types: VIPX16x2 and VIPX32x2. Each processor generates two separate images of an arbitrary number of 16 or 32 input signals. The unique distinction of this equipment from any other on the market have the opportunity to choose between two different video input buses. In other words, the processor has a built-in change-over incoming video signals. This difference is used in the air control-rooms. Each processor unit that can receive signals from its main broadcasting router, and in case of an emergency - on the backup router. Switching is performed by channel manually or automatically.
Control stuio block
Broadcast television concept involves a huge enough amount of news programs live. Accordingly, has been planned ptwo separate and attached to them technical control-rooms. When processing of the overall architecture of the control-studio block (CSB) has been selected variant of construction, in which the path is integrated into the ABS telecentre infrastructure. That was greatly reduce the project budget at the expense of general use many components: routers, multi-screen processors, processor and transport modules. And centralized management. The core of each control-room is the newest video-mixer (production center) from the Grass Valley - Karrera 2ME. Karrera is the next generation of the well-known mixers Kayak. Each line may be fully functional until 6 DPM keyersIf necessary, the mixer can be activated up to 5 independent multi-screen processor licenses, or integrated into 10G IP transport network. Sound paths hardware collected solely on digital audio mixers Lawo - Zircon and Studer - Vista. Each of the mixer serves his own studio, as well as additional facilities: skype, phone lines hardware, announcer booths. As noted above, mixers integrated into the environment via 3xMADI each interface. This enables cross-redundancy and teamwork. In the course of daily work, particularly during live broadcasts from the scene, videoconferences, is widely used to shape the original, studio program with 16 audio tracks. Additional tracks are used to form overhead channels, the channels mix minus'.
The studio is actively used 'media space'. This 'media space' is formed by a seamless video wall measuring 6x3 projectors. Total resolution of the video wall is 4k. In accordance with ether, which is provided by studio wall fed specialized graphics and video content. For this purpose VizVideoWall solutions, which in turn uses 2 separate graphic stations. Thanks to the decision VizRT during the broadcast there are no significant restrictions complexity of graphic scenes. External video signals, 2D / 3D graphics and animation, analytical presentations, the usual titles, the restrictions are due to visionary directors and designers for a period of training scenes. VizVideoWall fully integrated into the overall infrastructure of the television station, as well as in news production system.
One of the components of the complex is a complex of equipment for the transport of video and audio signals. This part should be divided:
- Tract of softwear videosignals
- Tract of current production of all types of signals
- Complect of UDCA convertors
Signal Delivery of the main programs of each of the 10 television channels by means of optical transmitters are integrated into both the router. By transmitting center delivered 3 copies for each channel. Corporate fiber optic ring was built in the framework of the project, encompassing the main production areas of media groups. In this way, for communication between any nodes have a minimum of 2 independent route. The transport system has its own software subsystem signals propagation within KRTPTS. The system consists of separate circuits hardware Down converters: 3G SDI -> HD SDI -> SD SDI -> Composite. Cable operators can select the signals necessary for the promotion type.
Signal truct current production is much more complex and has a more complex architecture.The core of the system consists of 15 vehicles routers MediorNet-2U, which forms a kind of cloud system for transporting signals, on the basis of all-all. 6 baskets MediorNet, totaling 54h54 I / O HD SDI, 12 MADI, 6 1Gbps port permanently placed in the data center and television center integrated into a common infrastructure. Another part is flexible use on the external film sets to meet current needs. If necessary, two or more film sets can be combined with each other. MediorNet also provides sealing of uncompensated signals on one pair fiber optic. This feature is used when working at temporary venues that do not have the proper amount of fiber optic transmission line. If, during the exchange of video signals there is a need of simple Up, Down, Cross, Aspect conversion, this task is carried out by transmitting signals to the end user by MediorNet resources. If, during the exchange of video signals there is a need of simple Up, Down, Cross, Aspect conversion, this task is carried out by transmitting signals to the end user by MediorNet resources. MediorNet is another useful feature - automatic routing of internal ways of delivery of signals. When you first start the system into operation the CPU will automatically scan the existing fiber-optic lines and fill them with operating signals.
In an emergency (broken line, the failure of the module SFP) system reconfigures the delivery of signals. No signal from the host country will be no more than 2 seconds.
In such a highly branched infrastructure plays a very important role internal communication. Intercom system is based on the same principles as the fiber optic transport systems. As MediorNet selected service communication from Riedel, Artist series. Matrix Communications within the telecentre has 196 ports in two separate baskets. The port range includes AES / EBU, analog audio ports, MADI ports, VoIP channel ports.
Analogue channels of communication are used exclusively for communicating with cameras and operators account for only 16 subscribers. All other callers are using exclusively digital interfaces AES, MADI, IP, which provides superior sound quality. There is possibilty combining the intercom stations of the central data center and stations installed in MTS, to create a special temporary schemes of communication. For the first time in an internal intercom system integrated into mobile gadgets journalists and engineering staff. These gadgets installed software that allows you to use them as user panels. The combination of intercom stations and audio router allows you to create any number of communication channels to enter these channels in the original program of each of the channels, delivering them to the final consumer.